Importance of forests

According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations forests provide a wide range of benefits [1]:

  • Forests and woodlands have an important role in binding the soil and protecting it against erosion and landslide.
  • Forests help regulate the rate at which the snow melts and also reduce the danger of avalanches.
  • Forests provide protection against wind erosion
  • Used judiciously in farming systems they help maintain the fertility of the soil.
  • Forests have an important role as havens for wildlife and for the protection of endangered species of plants and animals.
  • Forests and woodlands provide a dwelling place for more than 200 million people in the tropics
  • Wood is one of the most versatile and ubiquitous products in human use, from the timber used in construction and furniture to cardboard, chipboard, paper.
  • Because trees, like all green plants, absorb carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, reforestation is often suggested as a means of countering the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.